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ESL Worksheets: Let Food Be Your Medicine

 
Level: ESL High-Intermediate
 
Objectives: talk about health benefits and healing properties of foods; learn words with the prefix anti- meaning ‘against’/‘counteracting’
 
Teacher Notes:
 
Write ‘Let Food Be Your Medicine and Let Medicine Be Your Food’ (said by Hippocrates) on the board and discuss what it means (food can treat and prevent health problems).
 
Put students in pairs/small groups and ask them to discuss the following questions:
 
-Why is a nutritional, well-balanced diet important?
-What can a poor diet lead to?

-What’s immune system? (a system in the body that protects against diseases) Can diet boost/suppress one’s immune system?

-Can foods ease cold/flu symptoms, for example? Can foods fight off viruses?

-Can foods help prevent illnesses? Can a healthy diet ward off chronic diseases (e.g.: diabetes, heart disease, obesity, cancer, high blood pressure)?
 
Take up the answers and introduce the prefix ‘anti-’ that means ‘against’, ‘opposing’, ‘counteracting’ as in:
 
Some foods (e.g.: honey) have anti-bacterial
properties.
Other foods (e.g.: garlic) are anti-viral.
Fruit and vegetables contain antioxidants that may prevent disease.
Herbs and spices are anti-inflammatory.
 
Encourage to think of more examples e.g.: antibiotic, antihistamine, anti-bacterial, antiseptic.
 
Hand out the worksheet. Learners match column A to column B to explain 10 words with prefix anti-.
 
Go over the verbs that talk about health benefits of foods (fights, improves, relieves, prevents, soothes, detoxifies etc.) in The Health Benefits of Foods (a).
Put learners in groups to share their knowledge of foods beneficial to human health.
 
For example:
 
Yogurt aids digestion.
Walnuts protect against heart disease.
 
Review minor ailments (colds and flus, sunburn, constipation, migraines etc.). In small groups ask learners to brainstorm foods that might cure these conditions in The Health Benefits of Foods (b).
 
For example:
 
Coconut oil can soothe a sunburn.
Fermented foods help reduce heartburn.
 
Extension:
 
Discuss the meanings of common health related sayings:
 
You are what you eat.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
Prevention is better than cure.
 
Student Handout

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Comments
Friday, May 17, 2013 AT 11:50 AM
enmeedo ragab said:
Very good work.

Wednesday, June 26, 2013 AT 3:31 AM
rocio nieto said:
VERY GOOD

Wednesday, October 02, 2013 AT 4:54 PM
neesha said:
Well explained

Friday, November 08, 2013 AT 11:43 PM
Ruth Denly said:
Great comprehensive lesson plan.

Sunday, May 17, 2015 AT 5:57 AM
mohar singha said:
VERY GOOD

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